Fracking (also known as Hydraulic fracturing or Hydrofracking) is a process that involves injecting a pressurized liquid into the bedrock to fracture it. This liquid is frequently a mixture of water and other ingredients such as sand or chemicals. The goal of fracking is to pump a high-pressure fluid into a wellbore in order to fracture rock formations.
The hydraulic fracturing process, commonly known as fracking, has been a hot topic of debate in recent years. The extraction process has been around for decades, but it’s only recently that its use has become more widespread. Supporters of fracking claim that it is a safe and efficient way to extract natural gas from the ground, while opponents assert that it can have harmful environmental consequences.
So what are the facts? In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the pros and cons of fracking to help you make up your own mind about this controversial practice.
Around the world, fracking is a hot-button issue. In some other countries, it is seen as a promising way to increase energy production and stimulate the economy. What are the pros of fracking? Here’s what you need to know.
1. Relatively Easy Availability To Fossil Fuels
Fracking has a number of advantages, one of which is that it provides us with very quick and efficient access to fossil fuels such as natural gas and petroleum. We are still largely reliant on fossil fuels for our energy source as a global society.
As a result, fracking can assist us in making this access as simple as possible, ensuring a secure and stable supply of fossil fuels for the foreseeable future.
2. More Fossil Fuels Deposits
Fracking also allows us to tap into new fossil fuel reserves. Many individuals are unaware that our fossil resources are only available for a finite amount of time. This also means that we will eventually run out of fossil fuels. However, we now have access to more fossil fuel deposits because of fracking technologies.
3. Switch To Renewable Energy Sources
Another advantage of hydraulic fracturing is that it allows us to transition to renewable energy sources more quickly. While politicians frequently declare that we must transition to alternative eco-friendly energies as quickly as possible, the reality is that this energy transition will take many years, if not decades, to complete on a worldwide basis.
As a result, fracking can be a terrific solution to assist us in avoiding running out of energy in the near future and supplying us with enough energy during this transition phase.
4. Help The Economy
If a country is able to generate more fossil fuels, its economy will almost certainly profit as a result of this progress, as the country will be able to export more fossil fuels and have more money to invest in key infrastructure projects.
5. Countries Get Independence
Fracking can also assist several countries throughout the world in becoming more self-sufficient. Many countries are currently reliant on other countries for their fossil fuel supplies. However, this produces a great deal of dependence, which isn’t always a desirable thing because the party which is reliant on another party will often have to accept very terrible trading terms.
More countries may become energy independent from other countries as a result of fracking technology since they will be able to use natural gas supplies in their own country.
6. Relatively Inexpensive Operation
Another advantage of fracking is that it is a relatively inexpensive method of extracting fossil fuels from the ground. In fact, considerable amounts of natural gas and petroleum may be extracted at a relatively low cost with this technology.
As a result, fracking can be viewed as a low-cost and reliable source of fossil fuels until we are able to transition to renewable energy sources on a worldwide scale.
7. Lower Gas And Oil Prices
Because global production costs for fossil fuels such as natural gas can be reduced through the use of fracking, the overall world-market price for gas is likely to fall as well. As a result, many firms, as well as private individuals, who rely on natural gas-based products, may benefit.
8. Less Damaging Than Coal Usage
Fracking proponents frequently say that natural gas extracted through fracking is still significantly less hazardous to the environment than coal. Fracking may be justified from this standpoint, as alternatives such as coal would be considerably more destructive to our environment.
9. Supports A Large Number Of Jobs
Numerous jobs have been created in the fracking business since it became popular during the last decade. Indeed, job opportunities associated with hydraulic fracturing benefit many individuals all around the world. That’s why fracking may be useful in lowering the general level of poverty in the world’s worst regions.
10. Technology Improved With Time
While fracking has been around for some time, the techniques involved have yet to be properly perfected. In fact, given how quickly technology advances, scientists are likely to be able to optimize those processes even further in the future. In turn, fracking may become less detrimental to our environment and may become a vital tool to supply us with energy until we ultimately make the switch to renewable energy sources.
11. Companies Gets Profit As Well
Another advantage of fracking is that it benefits not just the general population but also energy production corporations, which get access to a simple and cost-effective means to extract vast volumes of natural gas and petroleum from the ground.
12. Increased Tax Revenue
If energy firms make more money as a result of fracking and more individuals are able to earn higher incomes, local governments may also benefit from increased tax revenue. As a result, many towns around the world may be able to pay off their debts and have more money to invest in critical infrastructure projects.
13. The Underground Processes
Because the majority of the fracking activities are carried out underground, there will be little visual contamination as a result of the fracking process. In reality, the general public is often unaware that this method is being used.
The fracking process has come under scrutiny in recent years due to concerns about its potential environmental and health impacts. There is evidence that fracking can cause water contamination, air pollution, and health risks for those living near fracking sites.
While the pros of fracking may outweigh the cons for some people, it’s important to be aware of all the potential dangers before making a decision whether or not to support it.
1. Chemicals That Are Harmful
One negative of fracking, for example, is that toxic chemicals are frequently utilized in the natural gas extraction process. These compounds have the potential to change the structure of soil and contaminate local ecosystems, with unknown impacts on local flora and animals.
2. Noise Pollution
In fact, the fracking process is rather noisy, and many people who live near fracking sites may be adversely affected by it. Imagine living in a location where you are constantly plagued by the sounds of fracking stations.
It’s likely that you’ll become irritated over time, and your property’s resale value will decrease as a result since few people prefer to live near noise pollution. As a result, fracking can have serious consequences for people who live near fracking sites.
3. Pollute The Water Supply
Another issue with fracking is that it might pollute the water supply. The chemicals used in the fracking process are frequently dumped in the middle of the wilderness rather than being properly disposed of. As a result, surrounding rivers and lakes may become seriously contaminated.
As a result, aquatic life in those areas will suffer greatly, and fracking should only be done with extreme or high-level caution in order to safeguard those aquatic animals.
4. Pollute The Soil
Fracking has the potential to harm the soil severely. The chemicals used in the fracking process frequently end up in adjacent soil at some point. Furthermore, because huge amounts of rocks are broken during the fracking process, dangerous elements that were previously contained in those rocks are likely to be released into the soil.
5. Increases The Risk Of Earthquakes
According to studies, fracking practices increase the likelihood of earthquakes. Even while this hasn’t been established conclusively, there are strong indications that fracking can raise the probability of earthquakes in a given region.
Earthquakes are natural calamities that have the potential to destroy entire regions as well as the livelihoods of thousands, if not millions, of people. As a result, we as humans must do all possible to reduce the risk of earthquakes, including refraining from utilizing fracking techniques.
6. Destruction Of Ecosystems
Another disadvantage of fracking is that it might result in considerable habitat loss. The fracking process necessitates the processing and alteration of large volumes of soil. Furthermore, large amounts of chemicals must be utilized, contaminating the soil and water bodies in the process.
All of this situation leads to a situation in which natural environments are no longer natural but have been negatively impacted. As a result, many animals will have to shift and find new homes, and many plants will likely perish.
7. Species Endangerment
If natural habitats are lost as a result of fracking, this adds to the problem of endangered species. In fact, numerous animal and plant species have become endangered or even extinct in recent years, and if current trends continue, we will likely lose many more species in the coming years.
As a result, in order to save our animal and plant species from extinction, we must also safeguard our natural environments, which is why we should avoid employing fracking techniques while extracting natural gas.
8. Wreak Havoc On The Environment
Because of the various types of contamination associated with fracking, local ecosystems may become out of balance. Numerous microorganisms in the soil may perish as a result of the usage of chemicals in fracking. Furthermore, populations of larger animals will decline.
As a result, there’s a good probability that the equilibrium between predator and prey species may be disrupted, resulting in long-term ecological imbalance.
9. Huge Water Consumption
Fracking opponents frequently allege that the process is also very water-intensive. In fact, the fracking process necessitates the consumption of large volumes of water, which may result in water shortages for the local population.
As a result, fracking may not be the best option, especially in locations where local water supplies are already scarce.
10. Fracking Is Not A Long-Term Solution
While fracking technology may be a viable short-term option, it will not be suitable in the long run from a sustainability standpoint. As many of us are aware, we must transition to renewable energy sources as quickly as feasible and should not rely on fossil fuels for an extended period of time.
As a result, because fracking is only useful for extracting fossil fuels and not renewable resources, this technology will simply not have a long-term future.
11. Pollute Local Air
Fracking opponents frequently allege that this approach can result in substantial local air pollution. In fact, considerable amounts of gases and small particles are discharged into the air during the fracking process, which could be detrimental to the local population living near the fracking stations.
12. Fracking-Related Methane Emissions
Fracking can also be considered hazardous to our world in terms of global warming because substantial volumes of methane are released into the air during the fracking process. Methane is a very destructive greenhouse gas, and its production accelerates climate change.
As a result, if we wish to limit global warming, we should likewise refuse to utilize fracking on a large scale.
13. Workers’ Health Hazards
Fracking-related protection measures are also quite low in several nations throughout the world. Many workers in the fracking sector do not wear adequate masks or other protective equipment, which can have major long-term health consequences for them.
14. Locals May Not Get Significant Benefits
While huge energy companies may be able to extract large volumes of natural gas and other fossil fuels from the ground, fracking’s benefits to the common population may be limited. Yes, the fracking sector will provide some job prospects. Workers in those positions, on the other hand, are frequently underpaid and hence may not be able to significantly improve their overall financial situation.
15. Water Scarcity
Because fracking necessitates the use of large amounts of water and can result in groundwater degradation, many parts of the whole world are likely to run out of drinking water. This is particularly true in hot and arid climates. Water scarcity will become a bigger concern in the future as a result of global warming. Thus, we should safeguard our natural groundwater sources as much as possible, which includes not employing fracking in those areas.
16. Lax Fracking Rules
Another disadvantage of fracking is that many countries throughout the world have low fracking rules and restrictions. As a result, energy-producing companies will typically place insufficient emphasis on reducing their negative influence on the environment. These corporations may act in a profit-maximizing manner, with little regard for the pollution caused by their fracking operations, which can have long-term negative environmental consequences.
17. Consumer Incentives May Be Skewed
If the price of products created with natural gas falls as a result of fracking, consumers may be enticed to buy more products made with these fossil fuels. However, rather than encouraging customers to buy things that use fossil fuels, we should give them an incentive to avoid buying any products that use fossil fuels in the manufacturing process.
18. Fracking’s Long-Term Impacts Are Unknown
We should also avoid deploying fracking on a broad scale because the long-term consequences of this technique are still unknown. To safeguard ourselves and future generations from the negative long-term repercussions of fracking, we should simply not use it excessively.